Tips To Cyclists 2022: Mountain Biking Uphill And Hill Climb Techniques | COVID-19 Cycling

Uphill Techniques

TechniquesGuidelines for Uphill Techniques
Ready Positions:– Before you enter a climb relax your shoulders so you are loose.
– Drop your forearms and try to keep your wrists horizontal.
– If you move to a standing position during a climb and if you have bar ends — use them. 
– Generally, the steeper the climb the greater the angle of your lean toward the handlebar (in order to maintain front-wheel traction).
– But if the rear wheel begins to break free, be ready to quickly lean further back.
Steering:– Drop forearms to horizontal and straighten your wrists to maintain traction on the rear wheel. This also helps in the back and down rowing motion of steep climbs.
Braking:– Try not to break during hill climbs  — you work too hard to get whatever momentum you have during the climb.
– If you must break during a hill climb it is probably because you are not working hard enough to anticipate and find your best line during the climb.
Shifting:– Shift down before a climb.
– Try not to shift during aggressive pedaling.
– Shift before you lose your momentum or establish momentum through pedaling
– Then, shift smoothly to a higher or lower gear.
Turning:– When climbing on a curve where the inside line is shorter but steeper take the outside line which is longer but shallower. The extra distance is easier to cope with than the extra grade.
Roll Over:– At slower uphill speeds you may well have to depend on pedal power and lifting the front wheel, rather than just momentum, to roll over small obstacles.
– As you get to the obstacle pedal harder and move your weight back while lifting the front wheel up and over the obstacle.
Wheelie:– During a hill climb, the timing sequence of your wheelie movements must be near-perfect because you will normally have minimal amounts of both speed and momentum.
– Another thing to watch for  — your climbing angle will naturally exaggerate all of your wheelie lift movements. So be careful not to flip your bike over backward the first couple of times you try a wheelie during a climb.

Obstacles On Uphills

ObstaclesGuidelines for Clearing Obstacles
Ruts:– Do to the generally lower speed of ascents it is usually easy to avoid ruts.
– If unavoidable because the rut cuts across your path, try to pick a low spot in the rut and cross the rut as much as possible at a right angle.
Rocks:– When climbing, avoid rocks (and virtually all other obstacles) because they will rob you of the momentum you will probably need during your climb.
– If you can’t avoid a large rock, raise your front wheel and pedal your way over the rock. Unweight the rear wheel and it will follow.
Branches & Roots:– Try not to pedal on top of a root or branch — torque can cause you to slip.
– Lift the front wheel over roots that are not at the right angle to your tire.
Sand & Gravel:– When attacking a sandy hill,  change gears seamlessly to try and match pedaling speed as momentum fades.
– Maintain enough momentum to keep moving but not enough to break traction.
Mud:– Avoid braking or stalling.
– Go to driest areas for traction.
– Try to reduce gears before your momentum is lost or rear tire starts slipping.
– Stay in the saddle and try to maintain pedaling cadence.
Water:– Try to Avoid heavy rain run-off when climbing.
– Choose the driest line possible.
– Stay in the saddle and maintain pedaling cadence.

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