Cyclists Legal FAQ: Compensation and Claiming For Head & Brain Injuries After A Bike Accident (2021)


Brain And Head Injuries Suffered In A Motorbike Accident

By law, you must wear a safety helmet when riding a motorcycle on the road. It is still possible to sustain a head injury even when wearing a helmet. The effects of an injury to the head can be as mild as a temporary loss of consciousness but can lead to a lasting brain injury in the most serious cases.

Types Of Head Injury

There are two main types of traumatic brain injury that a motorcyclist may suffer – a closed, ‘blunt’ head injury, and an open, ‘penetrating’ head injury.

Brain injury from ‘closed’ traumatic head injury occurs when an external force hits the head hard enough to cause the brain to move inside the skull, which can graze or bruise the tissue. The effects of a ‘closed’ head injury can be a minor and temporary loss of function (concussion), but in some cases can cause lasting cognitive, behavioral, and emotional effects.

Brain injury from ‘open’ head injury is more serious. The skull is fractured and either a foreign object or parts of the skull can penetrate the brain tissue. Often an ‘open’ head injury is sustained with ‘closed’ injuries to other parts of the brain.

Diagnosis Of A Brain Injury

Head injuries are assessed by checking for verbal and physical responses and are graded using the Glasgow Coma Score (GCS). This scale identifies how serious an injury is by a score between 3 and 15, with 3 being the most severe and 15 being the least severe.

Someone with a head injury may be referred for further testing such as a Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scan or a Computerised Tomography (CT) scan.

In rare cases, a brain injury may be undiagnosed if someone has sustained multiple injuries in an accident. In cases of an undiagnosed brain injury the following symptoms can occur shortly after being discharged from the hospital:

  • Losing consciousness or confusion – such as not knowing where you are.
  • Clear fluid from your ear or nose.
  • Drowsiness when you would usually be awake.
  • Problems with speaking or understanding others.
  • Difficulties with balance or walking.
  • Loss of power in a part of the body – such as weakness in an arm or leg.
  • A new problem with your eyesight.
  • A headache that keeps getting worse.
  • Sickness.
  • A seizure or fit (when your body suddenly moves uncontrollably).

Effects Of A Head Injury

Effects of a severe head injury can be brief or may lead to serious brain damage.

  • Unconsciousness, either briefly or for a long period of time.
  • Tiredness since the injury.
  • Sleep disturbances.
  • Difficulties in movement or mobility.
  • Lack of strength in arms and hands.
  • Visual difficulties (restricted, double, or blurred vision).
  • Hearing disturbances.
  • Feeling of dizziness, loss of balance.
  • Increased sensitivity to noise and/or light.
  • Frequent or severe headaches since the injury.
  • Epileptic seizures.
  • Loss of short-term memory.
  • Poor concentration.
  • Difficulty planning and organizing.
  • Difficulties with language and speaking.
  • Difficulty carrying out more than one task at a time.
  • Difficulty reading, spelling, or writing.
  • Being irritable, or quick to anger.

Head Injury Claim For Compensation

If you have suffered a head injury as a result of a motorbike or cycling accident, it is vital that you seek advice from specialist solicitors with experience of working with these injuries. The solicitors will ensure you receive the right amount of compensation for your injuries.

If the person involved in the accident is unable to make a claim because of their injuries, the solicitor will work to recover compensation for the family of the injured person and will attempt to recover the costs of medical treatment if liability has been admitted by the person or organization you are claiming against.

If you are considering making a claim for compensation, speak to one of the specialist cycling and motorcycle accident lawyers who will advise you on making a claim.

  • How to claim compensation for your inquiry.
  • Claiming for care or treatment. This can usually be arranged on a private basis and at no cost to you.
  • Recovering your financial losses as a result of your accident. This includes loss of earnings from being unable to work, insurance policy excess, traveling expenses, and any other income you have lost as a direct result of your accident.
  • Recovering the costs of adjustments to your home, if needed.

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